Saxifrage family (Saxifragaceae)
Perennial with long underground stolons that can form a low, loose mat of vegetation. Stems 3-sided, of heights 5-20 cm, branched at the top. Leaves roundish, crinkled at margins, sparsely hairy on the upper side. Long-stalked basal leaves in rosettes; stem-leaves arranged helically and with short stalks. Flowers lack petals, rather with 4 calyx segments set in the axils of golden-yellow leaves serving as attractants. Flowers Mar.-May.
Grows on moist to wet, fertile soils, in riparian or alder forest, and also in moist oak-lime-hornbeam forest. Regularly present near springs and woodland pools.
Descriptions devised by the team at the Independent Department of Forest Botany, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, i.e. L. Witkowska-Żuk, K. Marciszewska, W. Ciurzycki, A. Obidziński and P. Zaniewski.