Daisy family (Asteraceae)
Perennial 20-100 cm tall. Leaves in rosette, with lower stem leaves having blade of 15 x 5 cm, toothed on margins, elliptical or ovate, merging at an angle with long, winged stalk. Further up, stem leaves ever-smaller, lanceolate and sessile. Florets together in small anthodium (flat composite flower-head) of diameter 10-15 mm, many together forming panicled inflorescence. Flowers (florets) yellow, externally ligulate, 5-10 in number and of length 4-8 mm, internally cylindrical, of 2-3 mm. Flowers Jul.-Oct.
Grows on mesic, low-nutrient soils, in pine forests ranging from dry to mixed, and in open oak woodland. Medicinal plant.
Descriptions devised by the team at the Independent Department of Forest Botany, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, i.e. L. Witkowska-Żuk, K. Marciszewska, W. Ciurzycki, A. Obidziński and P. Zaniewski.