Lily family (Liliaceae)
Bulbous perennial with straight stem reaching to heights of 40-150 cm. Leaves distributed singly, but arranged helically, almost in whorls half way up stem; elongate elliptical, of sizes 8-12 x 2-5 cm. Flowers of diameter 4-5 cm, downward-pointing, clustered at stem apex in groups of 3-10. Perianth pinkish-red with darker patches. Perianth segments 3-4 cm long, curled upwards. Flowers Jun.-Jul.
Grows on mesic and fertile soils, in oak-lime-hornbeam forests, open oak woodland and mixed/coniferous forest. One of the Polish flora’s most beautiful elements. Strictly Protected. POISONOUS, but also with medicinal applications.
Descriptions devised by the team at the Independent Department of Forest Botany, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, i.e. L. Witkowska-Żuk, K. Marciszewska, W. Ciurzycki, A. Obidziński and P. Zaniewski